MOSES BEN JOSEPH HA-LEVI

MOSES BEN JOSEPH HA-LEVI (13th century), philosopher. Nothing is known about Moses' life; the suggestion that he was a member of the famous Abulafia family has not been proven. He was highly regarded by joseph b. abraham ibn wakar , and is quoted by Crescas, Albo, and Isaac Abrabanel. His major work Ma'amar Elohi ("Metaphysical Treatise"), as well as fragments from two of his minor works (all written in Arabic), were discovered and incorporated in Ibn Wakar's Treatise on the Harmony between Philosophy and the Revealed Law (c. 1340). Two manuscripts of the Hebrew versions of the Ma'amar are extant (Bodleian and Leningrad), while a third, previously in the library of the cathedral of Pamplona, Spain, can no longer be traced. The Ma'amar Elohi seeks to establish the existence of the First Cause (God); to refute erroneous views concerning this subject and concerning the attributes of God; and to investigate the emanation of beings from the First Cause. Moses, disagreeing with Aristotle, Alexander of Aphrodisias, and Averroes, holds with Themistius, al-Fārābī, and Avicenna, that the "First Intellect," which emanated directly from God without an intermediary, is the Prime Mover of the celestial spheres. His doctrine of Divine attributes seeks to avoid plurality in God and therefore denies all attributes superadded to His essence. He admits, however, not only negative attributes but also attributes of essence, such as knowledge, will, and power, as well as attributes denoting action as "Creator." (Moses makes no reference whatever to Maimonides' thorough treatment of this theme.) Divine Providence, according to him, does not involve God's knowledge of individuals, but only the universal rule of God, employing the human intellect as an agent of the Active intellect . Of the two other fragments, one deals with the problem of Divine Providence and the other with al-Ghazālī's doctrine of the "Word" (Kalima). Approving of Ghazālī's doctrine, Moses establishes a metaphysical entity above the "First Intellect," the Prime Mover, and immediately below God, the First Cause. (Alexander Altmann) Moses also wrote, assuming that Steinschneider's identification is correct, a work on musical harmonies, a short section of which is quoted by Shemtov Shaprut b. Isaac of Tudela in his Hebrew commentary on Avicenna's Canon (Munich, Ms. Hebr. 8, fol. 330b). Moses describes the mathematical relations of musical intervals as well as some arithmetical operations carried out with them. The rather elementary contents of this text comply with Arabic musical theory. Its musical terminology   is basically identical with that used in a Hebrew version of the musical chapter in Umayya ibn abī al-Ṣalt's encyclopedia (Paris, Cod. Hebr. 10371); thus Moses' treatise may originally have been in Hebrew. (Hanoch Avenary)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Moses ben Joseph ben Merwan ha-Levi — (flourished about the middle of the twelfth century) was a prominent Provençal rabbi and Talmudist. He was a nephew and pupil of Isaac ben Merwan ha Levi. His colleagues addressed him as Great scholar, Nasi Rabbi Moses, and his ritual decisions… …   Wikipedia

  • MOSES BEN JOSEPH BEN MERWAN LEVI — (12th century), one of the renowned scholars of Narbonne. Moses belonged to a distinguished family. His grandfather was very pious, a man of substance and of good deeds, benefiting Israel with his wealth, and causing many evil decrees to be… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Moses ben Isaac ha-Levi Minz — (15th century) was a German rabbi and contemporary of Israel Isserlein, whom he frequently consulted. He was successively rabbi at Mainz, Landau, Bamberg, and Posen. In his responsa (No. 114) he mentions a certain Jacob Margolioth of לוקו… …   Wikipedia

  • AARON BEN JOSEPH HA-LEVI — (HaRAH, initials of his name Ha Rav Aharon ha Levi; c. 1235–1300), Spanish rabbi and halakhist. Aaron was a descendant of zerahiah b. isaac ha Levi. His principal teachers were his brother Phinehas   and Moses b. Naḥman (Naḥmanides ). He had many …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ABULAFIA, TODROS BEN JOSEPH HA-LEVI — (c. 1220–1298), Spanish rabbi and kabbalist. Rabbi Todros ben Joseph ha Levi was born in Burgos, Spain, and died in Toledo. The Abulafia family was famous and respected in Spain. His uncle, Rabbi Meir ha Levi abulafia , was the exilarch of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MUENZ (Minz), MOSES BEN ISAAC HA-LEVI — (c. 1750–1831), Hungarian rabbi. Muenz was born in Podolia or in Galicia. After serving as rabbi in Vishravitz and in Brody, he was appointed in 1789 rabbi of Alt Ofen (Óbuda) where he remained for the rest of his life. As a result of his… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Moses ben Mordecai Zacuto — (ca. 1625–1 October 1697), also known as the Ramaz, was a kabalistic writer and poet. It is generally supposed that his birthplace was Amsterdam, although, like the Amsterdam rabbi Saul Levi Morteira, he probably lived in Venice, the residence of …   Wikipedia

  • MOSES BEN DANIEL OF ROHATYN — (end of 17th century), Galician author. His name suggests that he was born in Rohatyn (Rogatin), but according to the preface of his works he lived in Zolkiew, where he published his Sugyat ha Talmud (1693). The work, consisting of 40 paragraphs …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Isaac ben Merwan ha-Levi — (flourished in the first third of the twelfth century) was a Provençal rabbi and Talmudist; he was the elder son of Merwan of Narbonne.As highly respected in the community as his father, he was elected rabbi of Narbonne. He is often quoted, his… …   Wikipedia

  • ISAAC BEN MERWAN HA-LEVI — (11th–12th centuries), Provençal communal leader and halakhist. He headed the bet din and the yeshivah in Narbonne. His father, Merwan, was described as a man of great piety and rich in material things and good deeds, who applied his wealth for… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.